What is a TBI?
A TBI, or traumatic brain injury, is trauma that aﬀects how an individual’s brain works. TBIs can be caused by non-invasive means, such as a blow or bump to the head, or by penetrative means, like a gunshot to the head.
How serious is a TBI?
The severity of a TBI depends on several factors of an individual, including age and injury type. TBIs in younger children have the potential to disrupt development, in older adults they can go unnoticed and cause other health issues if not treated properly. All three types of TBIs are serious, though they may not all be life-threatening.
What are the long-term side eﬀects of a concussion?
Most suﬀerers of a concussion will be able to recover in a couple weeks. Those with longer lasting symptoms may be diagnosed with Post-Concussion Syndrome, side eﬀects of which include the loss of focus, memory, and sleep.
What are the long-term eﬀects of a traumatic brain injury?
Long-term eﬀects and symptoms of a TBI most commonly include headaches, seizures, spas-ticity, loss of balance, dizziness, sleep problems, reduced cognition, depression, and personality changes.
Can TBI cause mental illness?
It is estimated that 1 in 5 patients who have experienced a traumatic brain injury have dealt with mental health disorders as a result of their injury. The severity and longevity of the mental health disorder depends on the type of trauma that was endured and how it was inﬂicted.
Can a TBI change your personality?
Brain injuries can aﬀect emotional and behavioral responses that can make a person seem diﬀerent than their pre-TBI self. Mood swings, little emotion, and aggression are most common diﬀerences.
What are the three types of TBI?
TBIs can be classiﬁed into one of three categories: mild (or concussion), moderate, and severe.
Is TBI permanent?
While all TBIs are serious, not all have permanent symptoms. Most mild TBIs can be recovered safely while at home within a few months. TBIs classiﬁed under the moderate or severe categories may require longer care and treatment, and could be life-long conditions.
Can the brain heal itself?
Because of neuroplasticity, or the ability of your brain to adapt to experiences, your brain is able to “re-learn” certain tasks and behaviors after a TBI. Repetition is the key to kickstart neu-roplasticity, so a commitment to therapeutic exercises is necessary to see improvements.
What is spasticity?
Spasticity is the condition where a muscle is continually contracted due to damaged neurons in the brain. Closed ﬁsts and rigid limbs are characteristic of an individual with spasticity.
How can you tell if someone has brain damage?
Depending on the type of brain injury, symptoms can be present in a variety of ways. Some of the most common side eﬀects of brain trauma include headache, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, speech problems, dizziness, blurred vision, ear ringing, unpleasant taste, ability to smell, light sensitivity, loss of consciousness, seizures, pupil dilation, nose or ear drainage, numbness, con-fusion, agitation, and slurred speech.
Can a TBI get worse over time?
TBIs do have the ability to get worse over time, but the rate of degeneration can be greatly slowed with therapies and other exercises prescribed by doctors.
How long after head injury can TBI symptoms occur?
Every head injury is unique to a patient, and not all injuries can present symptoms in the same way. Signs or symptoms of a TBI may become apparent at once, within 24 hours, within days, within weeks, or maybe not at all.